Some tips for beginners to learn to play violin
“A necessary condition for straightening bow is that hand used to carry bow must be flexible, that is, every joint of right hand can move. As long as one joint is inactive or frozen, bow cannot be drawn "Straight. If bow is held tight, whole arm will become stiff and it will be difficult for them to straighten bow. So key to solving this problem is to keep bow loose, which is most important."
Basic Practice: When you play empty strings, you should practice slowly, keep bow in a straight line, keep it steady and make a smooth sound. Do not think empty strings are too easy and there is nothing to practice on, quality of basic skills of empty strings will directly affect technical level in future. The practice of playing empty strings is like walking: it is most basic and first condition for good piano playing. Scale practice is also practiced slowly, one note and one bow practice, use your ears to listen to pitch and also check that direction of bow is not crooked. Pay attention to left hand.
Slowing down speed of bow before changing bow is very helpful in developing correct action when changing bow. Beginners can easily increase their speed before changing bows. It is easy to cause movements to lose their shape, to appear "sawing wood" and "portamento".
Etude practice, rehearse slowly at first, pay attention to pitch and rhythm, shape of hand for left hand and use bow. After training, return to original speed practice. For musical practice, first carefully read spectrum (sound name, rhythm, pitch). Why should I read score first? Some students tend to play piano only from score, and practice according to pitch of score.
For beginners to play violin, there are two noteworthy habits in movement of fingers of left hand, which we call "monkey fingers" and "playing piano".
The so-called "monkey fingers" means that when they need to press one finger, they tend to squeeze all four fingers together, because their fingers do not have independent abilities. They just grab like monkeys. , which is why I call it "monkey fingers".
Note names are ignored, resulting in a well-read score, but unknown note names. Therefore, we must first read score so that we can sing. The first step in practice is to play piece from start to finish and then choose one or two difficult pieces depending on your situation and practice difficult pieces first. After difficult part is finished, resume practice at original speed, and then add expression practice (strength and weakness, etc.).
The other situation is that they never keep their fingers on fretboard, just like playing piano, they raise their fingers after each note, so we call it "playing piano". Keeping your fingers on fretboard initially is good for fixing finger position, which is why I've always stressed importance of finger retention.
Nervousness is most common obstacle in learning to play violin, so understanding and practicing relaxation is first lesson for every friend who wants to learn to play violin. Try to shrug your shoulders up, in a very tense state. We may find that while shoulder is tense, whole arm will be tense. How to solve it:First, lower your shoulders, let them drop naturally, in a completely relaxed state, as long as shoulders are relaxed, whole arm will naturally relax.
"If left finger is raised too high, speed will be slowed down. If finger is raised too low, sound played will often be indistinct. Therefore, we need to find a balance between two, and we must play different music. Use different heights of fingers of left hand for phrases Use low finger movements for singing phrases and higher finger movements for technical phrases."
"Use same bow speed before changing bow and after changing bow!" But I want to tell you that sometimes we want to keep same sound, especially when playing lower bow Sometimes, in order for sound not to reach tip of bow, you need to consciously increase speed of bow. This is same as tension of bow, which I mentioned above, but completely different in essence. "You need to test it thoroughly in practice.
The hands are clenched into fists, and fingers are tense at this time. How to solve problem:Open your arms naturally and your fingers will relax. The so-called tension is to see if whole hand and fingers are consciously applying force. After applying force, tension is bound to arise. The so-called relaxation refers to relaxation and tension of hands after hard work.
Because of natural shape of bow itself (the tip is light and base is heavy) there is a natural tendency to gradually lighten up when played on lower bow, and there is a natural tendency to crescendo when played on upper bow. Trends do not always align with intent of music being played. Students who have this habit or who do not have reasonable and necessary training in bowing will not be able to play satisfactorily when they play singing phrases..
Like playing football as a child, hand has a kind of loose, elastic capacity for self-control and adjustment. It is this relative relaxation that is needed to learn to play violin. Find a friend to help and place your elbow joint on his palm. When he can feel weight of your entire arm against his palm, it means that your arm is already in a relaxed state. On contrary, when he does not feel weight of your hand, it means that your hand is in a state of tension.
For overbow situation is just opposite, use same bow speed when drawing overbow, don't increase bow speed, increase bow speed when playing overbow, this is a very common problem. So you need to constantly remind and correct yourself, and when you strictly follow this requirement, you will be surprised to find that your performance has changed significantly, and you will feel a sudden enlightenment. "
The bow is too heavy at base and too light at end. “The part in bow is easiest to control, because at this time elbow is in middle position. The so-called middle position means that elbow can continue to straighten or bend.
That is, when we continuously play several notes on a certain string, our bow hand is not always in plane of one string, but approaches next string. The principle of such a game should be clear to everyone. Best way:Self-learning students can follow video to watch, listen and practice. Students who apply for training sessions should carefully observe teacher's delayed decomposition.
The forearm and shoulder form a 90 degree angle, and bow can easily run parallel to bridge. And player can easily control sense of weight that hairs of bow use when they touch strings. At this time, half weight of stick falls on bowstring, and half on hand.
The speed of bow is length and speed of bow, point of pronunciation is point of contact between bow hair and string, and weight of bow is what we commonly refer to as pressure of bow hair. on string. The combination of these three elements of pronunciation in different proportions produces what we usually call different sounds.
Strictly speaking, there is no such thing as "moving shoulder out of an arc" or "moving forearm out of an arc". We always want to use them together, but proportions used are different. In so-called "forearm flexion", action of forearm is dominated by elbow, but there is also an almost imperceptible swing of shoulder.
Teach students to put weight of their hands on strings, that is, to hook strings with hairs of bow so that strings can vibrate fully. Keep stand parallel. To do this, you must learn to stretch right elbow. forward when bow is close to tip of bow, so that bow always runs parallel to bridge. Otherwise, each time bow is drawn to tip, it will lose volume.
When using shoulder joint to play recurve bow, shoulder dominates, but forearm also moves slightly. Therefore, avoid feeling stiffness in elbow and shoulder joints. In addition, fingers and wrists are important for bowing, but these are more subtle movements.