What affects the sound of stringed instruments (violins and violins)
Choosing sound of an instrument that suits you is main condition for choosing a violin. But many violin owners are always dissatisfied with musical performance of instruments they use. There are objective, subjective, innate and acquired factors. Of course, performance of musical instruments is always what you pay for, which is law of market, but after understanding factors that affect sound of a violin, first analyze causes and then explore ways to improve. This in turn improves overall performance of tool. After many years of observation of author, I propose to explore following four directions.
1. In terms of quality control and master production control
<1>Materials, of course, should be selected from good materials, high stability, non-deformable and long service life. However, natural materials for drying are rare and difficult to obtain. Many authors use artificial methods to speed up drying process. The Morassi family in Cremona usually uses ozone to speed up aging of wood. There are also methods such as using yellow rattan lacquer on inside of piano phase. Many cheap but beautiful wooden tools use large ovens and so on.
<2>Mold, different shapes, of course, produce different sonic characteristics. For example, Amati usually has a sweet tone and low volume. Stradivarius tend to be loud and have a solid tone. The volume of Guarneri is also large, and tone is rich and varied. Many small-sized violins deliberately make shoulders of violin small during learning phase to make it easier for children to change positions up and down, which will have little effect on volume of performance.
<3>The radian or thickness, radian and thickness of violin affect relationship between mechanical vibration mode and airflow, and directly affect volume and timbre. Comparing violins made from Stainer and Stradivari molds, it's easy to see differences. No wonder modern authors prefer Stradivari and Guarneri.
<4>Violin paint. Most handmade violins are finished after over 30 coats of paint. Each layer of varnish increases weight of violin by 2 grams. Whether there is a primer or you choose oil or alcohol paint, it will affect sound of piano, not to mention different formulas of each craftsman or seasonal changes in production and transparency after aging.
<5>Pre-assembly, after completion of work, most writers first use accessories at hand to assemble. Due to mass production of accessories with unstable quality, length of fretboard or angle of inclination of high and low tones is often inaccurate, which affects piano Problems with height of bridge or elevation of violin. Sometimes warped pegs cause excessive headstock wear or uncomfortable tuning problems.Ouch. The bridge material also affects timbre, especially on cellos and violas. Therefore, it is necessary to check corresponding accessories.
Secondly, state of violin itself
<1>The place of origin and author's school, this condition is almost key to price of a violin. From German violins, French violins, British violins, Italian violins and Eastern European violins in Europe, to American violins and Argentine violins in New World, to Japanese violins, Korean violins and Chinese violins in Asia in recent times. In fact, this is not so, it still depends on heredity of master and own conditions of production and skill of author.
<2>In our time, violin needs long-term nutrition in order to stabilize and improve to a perfect piano sound. This process usually takes 50-100 years. But after 3-5 years of using a new piano, you can already feel change in sound.
<3>It also often happens that sound of a violin deteriorates due to dampness or improper use. Sometimes deformation of bridge or displacement of position of sound column is possible. Some people put violin in a dry box or dry it too much, resulting in dryness and cracking.
Thirdly, very feeling when musicians play
<1>Performance skills are a matter of matching instrument conditions and performance abilities. Art is an extension of technology. A good instrument can make a player even stronger, but perfecting a good timbre still requires right-hand skills. pronunciation... a problem.
<2>Achievement status, perhaps academic performance or an exam, caused by psychological pressure and emotion management problems.
<3>Space, temperature and humidity, correct sound refraction position, and temperature and humidity also affect sound quality. Sometimes a space that is too large or too small will have echoes and reverb resonances that are different from normal practice, requiring experience or rehearsal to resolve problem.
<4>Assembling and adjusting violin, choosing light accessories can improve sound of medium basses. For example, high-quality boxwood accessories, titanium alloy metal chin rests, steel shank or carbon fiber lift feet, etc. Is shank positioned correctly. Whether trimmer or wolf tone is loosened. Either bridge is aging and deformed, or hardness of material is not suitable. Whether sound column is moderate in thickness and length. Usually sound column of bridge also has a choice of class and year of manufacture. Please ask an experienced repairman to adjust.
Fourth, other conditions
<1>In terms of bow, a G.Fiorini violin paired with an F.Lotte or E.Sartory violin will definitely make a huge difference. A good bow can make high frequencies of piano louder, bass thicker, sound particles clearer,and sentences are complete. Of course, players who choose guqin should also pair with vintage bows. I think an 18th century Carlo Tononi violin should be paired with an 1850s D. Pecatt or P. Simon level bow, not a J. J. Martin or E. A. Urchard level bow.
<2>When it comes to matching strings, many students often have misconception that strings have been used too much and are too lazy to change strings or don't need to change them unless they break. . Each string has its own personality and is suitable for different instruments. The gold-plated E string adds brightness to high frequencies. Using Obligato or LARSON usually adds thickness to midbass. Eva Pirazzi adds texture to tone. Dominance stabilizes pronunciation of fundamental note of violin. Tonica is suitable for amplifying timbre of a conventional piano. Violino is best alternative to traditional gut strings. Vison adds resonance to fundamental tone. Regardless of which brand of strings you choose, if you want to keep sound of fight, you should change to a new set of strings for at least 3-4 months.
<3>Psychological price factors, price of a violin is influenced by many conditions such as place of origin, author, year, state of conservation, background of ownership and so on. It is not necessary that an expensive piano has sound that you like, it is more important to choose an instrument that suits you in terms of sound, do not be fooled by price.
<4>The myth of famous piano. Sound performance and playability are only part of cost of a violin, and it's hard to use scientific data to analyze whether a violin is good or bad. The value of famous violins is often valued due to historical influence of violin and violin performance over generations. Many well-known violins, such as Amati, da Salo and even Guarneri, have already fallen into disrepair, but this does not affect their value. The use of famous pianos not only requires excellent skills, but also rich musical expression. It is suitable for musicians and entrepreneurs to add value to their collections and maintain value, but does not have a certain relative price relationship with sound performance.
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