Abbreviated Music Theory Formula|Remember these formulas, music theory is no longer hard to learn

Guess four musical symbols

1. Two sisters of same length, one thinner and other fatter, they are at end of row.

2. There is a trumpet on staff, if you blow hard, it will not call, second line is her good friend, shake hands four times and laugh.

3. Four vertical lines separate two sides, and four dots in middle. If you see it in a song, sing it again.

4. Seven sisters are really strange. Their names are not Duolaimi. They are born to love to sing English songs and open their mouths like "CDE".

Answer to riddle:

1. End line 2. Treble clef 3. Repeat 4. Note name

Children's songs and ballads for beginning music theory teachers

1. Staff, five lines separated by four numbers; third number, treble "to" (to); add a mid-tone line “do” (do), first line is “mi” (mi), second line is “suo” (sol); one, two, three "fa, la, duo" (fa, la, do).

Second, a five-line indication of how stairs go up and down; one, two, three lines, 357 one, two, three rooms, 461 four lines and five lines sing 24 (high) and fourth room sing 3 (treble)

Thirdly, first line is a kitten, second is a mouse, first is a red flower, second is playing violin.

Fourth, on middle C, knock on door, dododo (商哆哒) This article can also be read: bottom line added to knock on door, dododo; bottom line added to say hello, rerere (come). and come) first line is called a kitten mimimi (mimimi); in first room, put a sofa fafaf (fafafa); on second line say solsolsol (talk about it); in second room, pull hand lalala (lalala); in third line, sissy laughs and laughs (hee hee hee); There are many dododo songs in third room (哆圆哆)

Please extend your hand, take five fingers for five lines of staff, and space between fingers for four spaces. Then your hand is a small staff that you carry with you.

1What is a staff?

Staff, there are five lines, and five lines have four spaces. Each line, each room has its own tone. Five lines and four rooms are not enough, you can add rooms and lines.

2How to write a treble clef?

Second line starts curving up, leans towards third line and turns down, turns second line towards first line, draws a circle and sticks its head obliquely, turns around and crosses fourth line, sticks its head down as far as it will go, turns and draws a circle.

3whole notes

Whole note, empty note head, stem not connected to head, tail not connected to stem, just empty note head, remember it must sing four beats.

4Halves and quarters

Empty heads for half notes, black heads for quarter notes. Onlyo stem does not have a tail, and stem is always connected to head. Write pen down on left and write pen up on right. Half notes are played for two beats, and quarter notes are played for one beat. It is necessary to distinguish between black and white heads of talisman, and also do not forget black and white deuce.

5Eighth notes

The eighth black head and stem are attached to head. Long black tail connected to right side of stem. The eighth note is special, remember that it is played only half a beat.

6Sixteenth Notes

A sixteenth note with a black head and stem attached to it. The two tails are black and connected to right side of stem. The sixteenth note is very strange, it sang only a quarter of a beat.


Full pauses are small black bars below fourth line. Quiet and quiet, don't worry if you want to stop at four strokes. Two-point rest is also a small black bar lying on third line all way. Lie still without making a sound, rest two strokes and remember. The quarter point remainder symbol is anti-"3" and rest must be written clearly.

The eighth pause character is like "7", don't worry about resting for half a beat. A sixteen-point rest is like a double '7', don't forget half a half-bar rest.

8Time Signature

The measure mark is called time signature. It is placed in front of notes, it looks like a fraction, without it music will deteriorate.

▋four four times

A quarter note counts as a beat, and there are four beats per bar. Strong, weak, second-strong, weak, this is called four-four beats.

▋Three-four beats

A quarter note is a beat, and there are three beats in each bar, strong and weak, strong and weak, which are called three or four beats.


A quarter note is one beat, and there are two beats in each measure, and strength and strength are regular, which is called two or four beats.

▋Dot note

The small dot is round and round, its function is not easy, if added after note, duration will immediately double.

Dotted whole notes for six beats, dotted half notes for three beats, dotted quarter notes for one and a half beats, dotted eighth notes for half and half beats.

▋Press and punch

I lightly stroke my hands, and length of sound can be understood. Half a beat when hand is down and half a beat when palm is up. One up, one down, one hit, you will understand after regular practice. (Practice clapping according to different rhythm patterns)

The phoneme of C major scale in treble clef of staff. The staff consists of five lines, and there are four spaces in middle of five lines. There are five lines and four rooms, each with its own sound. The first, second and third lines are Misuoxy, and first, second and third lines are Falada. Then add a room, add a line to make duo doo.

▋Full and Half Step

There is a distance between two tones, minimum distance is called a semitone. Two semitones add up, and its name is a whole tone. There is a difference between semitones and whole tones, which is clearly visible on keyboard. Duo Lai Mi sent Solassi, seven whites and five blacks. White seven black fifty two tones on average are divided into twelve parts. Whether it is black or white, neighbors are half divided and completely separated.


There is a distance between two tones in pitch, and this distance is called an interval. The unit for calculating interval is degrees, including several tones.

▋Major Second Degree Minor Second Degree

Whole tones and semitones are different, and same degree should be divided into major and minor. A whole tone second is a major second, and a semitone second is a minor second.

▋Major third Minor third

The third of two full tones is a major third, and third of a whole and a half tone is a minor third. Triad: A chord consisting of three notes superimposed on each otherby thirds, is called a triad. When arranged along third interval: top sound is called “fifth tone”, middle sound is called “three-tone”, and bottom sound is called “root tone”.

▋Three chords can be divided into four categories:

1. Major chord

The root of a third is a major third, root of a third fifth is a minor third, and root of a fifth is a perfect fifth.

2. Minor chord

A root third is a minor third, a root third in a fifth is a major third, and a root fifth is a perfect fifth.

3. Diminished triad

The tonic to third note is a minor third, third note to fifth is a minor third, and root note to fifth is a minus fifth.

4. Extended triad

The root of a third is a major third, root of a third fifth is a major third, and root of a fifth is an augmented fifth.

In situ triads and inverted triads

A chord whose root note is bass of a triad is called a triad in its original position.

With third tone as bass, this is called first inversion, also known as "sixth chord".

With fifth as bass, this is called second inversion, also known as "four-six chords"