What is difference between a child who is learning to play an instrument and a child who has never taught one?
Tell me a story
There is a pair of fraternal twin sisters in Japan. The older sister, Miko, stuttered when she had a high fever, and her siblings' coordination also began to deteriorate. She often made people feel stupid.
Mama Masako heard people say that learning to play piano makes a child's fingers flexible, so she sent Miko to piano lessons.
After a few years, Maisie not only speaks smarter, but also gets smarter, with so many tricks that it's hard for others to imagine that she was once a stupid child.
After hearing this story, many will definitely be curious: is learning to play an instrument really that effective? ?
Actually, to be honest, I don't know if children learn musical instruments.
However, making a comprehensive decision about whether to develop children's art cells depends on economy of family and interests of children.
When conditions permit, children are strongly encouraged to learn to play musical instruments.
Because one study has shown that children who learn to play musical instruments are drastically different after 5 years from children who do not learn to play musical instruments!
US Harvard Medical School and Boston University Institute of Education jointly conducted study.
They found that children who learned to play a musical instrument and played it for more than 5 years, level of cognitive function was significantly different from level of those who had never played any musical instrument.
They tend to have high levels of auditory discrimination, finger dexterity, vocabulary and, in particular, non-verbal thinking.
It can be said that those children who have been familiar with musical instruments for more than 5 years, as a rule, have a more flexible mind and thinking.
The research team found children aged 5-7 and divided them into two groups: those who continued to learn to play musical instruments (Group A) and those who did not learn to play musical instruments (Group B).
Five years later, researchers scanned their brains and found that cerebral cortex was thicker when they were learning to play a musical instrument (Group A) than those who were not learning to play a musical instrument (Group B)! The thickness of cerebral cortex determines strength of cognitive abilities. This indicates that cognitive abilities of children who learn to play musical instruments are indeed higher than those of children who do not learn to play musical instruments!
Some people may wonder why 5 years?
Actually, 5 years is just an average. Some children show clear differences in less than 5 years, and some children take more than 5 years to see a difference.
So, how does learning to play musical instruments contribute to intellectual development of children?
1. Sound stimulates organs of hearing.
Just as intelligence of a fetus develops by contact with external sounds, auditory organs of young children, being in constant contact with various notes for a long time, perceive auditory stimulation brought by high and low sound frequencies, which contributes to development of intelligence and improvement hearing of child. Sensitivity of auditory ability to sound.
Mozart began learning to play piano at age of 3, and when he performed across Europe at age of 7, he recognized key in A sharp or E flat and was extremely sensitive to sound.
2. High-intensity coordinated finger movements.
Fingers act on musical instruments, high-intensity coordinated movements between various keys and keys, strings and strings, drums and drums in high and low sounds, and fingers, in combination with sound, train high-intensity movements such as bending. , tapping and touching, etc. Switching can improve finger flexibility and coordination in long run, which is ultimately beneficial for children's intelligence growth.
3. Evaluation quickly switches between input and output in brain.
Children should have sheet music when they are introduced to musical instruments. Children need to coordinate their ears, eyes, mouth and hands while reading music, helping notes quickly switch between brain input and output. , and at same time affect language function of left hemisphere and image function of right hemisphere, to greatest extent training brain's responsiveness and sensitivity.
However, many music theory experts point out that it is better for children to learn to play musical instruments later than earlier. Why?
Firstly, musical instruments often require finger strength, and finger bones in too young children are not fully developed, and bones can be damaged too early;
In addition, learning to play a musical instrument requires a strong ability to concentrate, which is not conducive to learning too young children. Generally speaking, age is over 4 years old. Some musical instruments cannot be learned before age of 7 or 8, such as saxophone, which requires more lung capacity, or flute, if learned too early, teeth can become deformed. .
Those musical instruments that do not require special physical requirements, such as violin, can be learned around age of 4, but if child is interested, this can be started at an earlier age.