Super detailed diagram of structure of a violin
Even though violin is surprisingly light, violin is subjected to a lot of pressure and tension when strings are taut. Panel pressure is about 11 kg. After tuning E strings, tension can reach 9 kg, and G strings - 6 kg. If you add 4 strings, you get more than 30 kilograms! However, this integrated piano body consists of many parts, and number of parts exceeds 70, which is obviously due to ingenuity of mechanics.
Cats (Peg): four cone-shaped, solid wooden pegs (ebony or mahogany) inserted into holes in peg box, mainly used to pass each string through hole in peg and wound around it, position of string is fixed, and string tension can be adjusted, which is so-called string pitch adjustment.
Pin box: where neck reaches swirler head, four holes are drilled for inserting pins.
●Scroll head: The upper part of violin neck extending from peg box into a curved head, with baroque decor.
String(string): String materials include sheep intestine, gold, silver, aluminum, copper alloy, nylon, etc., and structure can be single or twisted. Violin four string system: G (frequency 196 Hz), D (frequency 293 Hz), A (frequency 440 Hz), E (frequency 660 Hz).
Nut: A small piece of ebony attached to neck of a grooved violin, used to locate four strings and lift strings off fingerboard.
Fingerboard: Made from ebony, since it is fixed to fretboard, player can press strings on fretboard when player's left hand touches strings. The cross section of neck is curved, increasing in width from end of saddle to increase distance between strings across bridge, so that bow extends approximately to puff.
● Bridge: Made of maple, framed on panel by string pressure only, and panel is fixed between strings and panel used to support strings so that strings are properly higher than panel and neck.
Taijin iece: A piece of ebony board fastened on a tail button with a loop of niduan gut at end of violin, and four strings connected to tailpiece and secured.
● Tailgut is a wire loop tied to hindgut, twisted with gut, metal wire, or nylon wire, and used to secure hindquarters to tail button.
Button: Insert bottom piece of wood so that back end of gut loop is on top to reinforce shank.
Saddle: A small piece of hard ebony wood to protect bottom of end edge of panel (because end gut loop will press against it).
Top plate: also known as panel, made of spruce wood, two sound holes are exposed on panelrstiya, because shape is called F-holes (F-holes), and edge of panel has a narrow groove (Purfling) is built into groove to protect edge and for decoration.
Bassbar: A thin curved piece of spruce or pine glued under panel, under bass leg of bridge (left leg of bridge in picture).
● Soundpost: A small spruce or pine wooden stick placed vertically between panel and back panel, at foot of tee (the right leg of bridge in picture).
Rib: Made from six thin maple sideboards, bent and profiled after heating, and joints are reinforced with internal wood blocks (Blocks), one at each of four outward-curved corners, one at bottom One piece, one piece at top and glue backing ( Linging) on the inner edge of side panel so that side panel, front panel and back panel are firmly glued together.
●Back panel: Maple.