Do you understand all 40 common nouns from music theory?

Do you understand all 40 common nouns from music theory?

Do you understand all 40 common nouns from music theory?

1: Root

When an object vibrates, sound with lowest frequency is fundamental tone, and rest are overtones. The root tone determines pitch.

2: Harmonic Overtone

Except that lowest sound produced by overall vibration of sounding body is fundamental, and fundamental is used as a reference, remaining 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 and other parts also vibrate. at same time, which is an overtone. The combination of overtones determines specific timbre and allows you to clearly feel volume of fundamental tone. Musical instruments and all sounds in nature have overtones.

3: Presentation

The pitch of a sound is represented by number of vibrations per second. The higher frequency, higher pitch, lower frequency, lower pitch. The current international standard for "a" sound is a sound that oscillates 440 times per second.

4: Title of presentation

A sound name refers to a name representing a fixed pitch in Western musical system. These designations are not uniform and vary from country to country. Most commonly used: C D E F G A B.

5: Names of syllables

The name of roll refers to names of notes in scale. Commonly used are 1do, 2re, 3mi, 4fa, 5sol, 6la, 7si. Use 1do for a major tonic and 6la for a minor.

6: Key

The key refers to type of mode and pitch of tonic. In a piece of music, tonic is core of melody and harmony, while other tones are subordinate to it and, finally, stop at tonic. Such music is tonal music.

7: Pentatonic

A melody composed of five notes. It is mainly used in folk music fashion. For example: do, re, mi, salt, la, (do).

8: Main Mode

Mode type. On seven-tone scale, distance between adjacent two tones can be divided into a whole tone and a semitone. With exception of third and fourth tones, and seventh and eighth tones, which are semitones, rest of tones are whole tones. Major key color is clearer.

9: Minor Mode

A variation of mode, heptatonic scale has four forms: "natural minor", "harmonic minor", "melodic minor" and "modern minor". The color of minor key is usually darker than that of major key and is often used to express sadness and melancholy. The interval between second and third tone and interval between fifth and sixth tone of natural minor (minor scale) is a semitone.

10. Keynote

The first note in modal scale. temperament type. Divide an octave into twelve semitones and all semitone intervals are equal. Instruments such as pianos and harps are tuned according to this law.

11: semitone, full tone (Semitone, Whole tone)

Divide octave into twelve equal parts, each of whichx represents a semitone, and two semitones are equivalent to a whole tone. Half a step is equivalent to a minor second, and a whole step is equivalent to a major second.

12: Interval

refers to distance between two sounds. The unit for calculating interval is called a "degree", and number of syllables between two tones is called several degrees. Intervals with same degree have differences such as pure, major, minor, augmented and diminished due to different number of semitones and whole tones they contain.

13: Pentatonic

There are five tones in an octave, which is called "pentatonic scale".

14: radiation scale

If there are seven notes in an octave, it is called a seven-note scale.

15: Dynamics

Loudness refers to intensity of sound when playing and singing music. Indicated by strength marks such as f (strong), p (weak), < (rise), > (weak), etc.

16: Sinopia

Rhythm that changes position of strong and weak beats in a bar. Its format is:

(1), elated tone turns into a pessimistic stance;

(2), downbeat rest;

(3) weak sound changes to strong.

17: Atonality

This means that composition of music does not have a specific tonal basis.

18: Parallel Reduced Seventh

One way to progress chords. Diminished seventh chords consist of four consecutive minor thirds superimposed on each other, for which a clear trend is not characteristic. Diminished seventh chords appear continuously without resolution, which are "parallel diminished seventh chords".

19: Rhythm

There are three main factors that make up a melody: pitch, duration of movement (including pause), and strength of tone. Expressed in terms of timing and strength, that is, natural priority of musical tones, is called rhythm.

20: Homophony

Symmetry of polyphonic and monotonous music. Type of polyphonic music. The melody (chant) is performed in one part, and remaining parts are in position of harmonic background.

21: Chromatic Scale

The distance between two adjacent tones is a "semitone", which is called "chromatic scale".

22: Full tone sakal

The distance between two adjacent tones is a whole tone, which is called "whole tone scale".

Do you understand all 40 common nouns from music theory?

23: Modulation

Music changes pitch as it plays. Modulation is one of important compositional techniques. Simple modulations often switch between close ratios.

24: beat

Single value of a bar in time. The beat structure is represented by time signatures.

25: Harmony

Musical sounds of different pitches sound at same time, which is called harmony. The objects of harmony research are: structure of chords, rules of continuity of chords, functional properties of chords in music, etc. Harmony is an important part of compositional technique.

26: Chord

The structural unit of harmony. In harmonic system of diatonic scale, chords are formed by superimposing successive thirds of scale. Three tones are superimposed on each other, forming a triad consisting of do, mi and sol; it is a seventh chord consisting of sol, si, re and fa.

27: altered chord (altered chord, chromatic chord)

In compound sounds of a chord, a tone that does not belong to same tone appears, which is called an altered chord. Chord changes are often used as preparation for modulation.

28: monophonic music (monophony)

One melody. Symmetry of polyphonic music and tonic music. That is, there is no counterpoint, accompaniment and accompaniment here, but there is a simple melodic line. Early music and most folk songs are monotonous music.

29: Polyphony

Symmetry of monotonous and tonic music. Music consisting of two or more voices, independent of each other and performed simultaneously according to law of harmony. Its nature is basically same as that of "counterpoint music".

30: Composite counterpoint

Where parts of counterpoint music can be shifted from high to low, they are collectively referred to as double counterpoint. Double counterpoint can be divided into double counterpoint, triple counterpoint and quadruple counterpoint depending on number of voices.

31: Compass

The tonal range of a human voice or musical instrument is often expressed by its high and low pitch. The sound quality of each part of different ranges is different, this part is called register, and in human voice it is called register.

32: Interval (interval)

The difference in pitch between two notes. Usually, number of steps between two tones of diatonic scale (including extreme poles) is used as a measure of interval.

33: Presentation

The absolute pitch of a note in musical scale. For example, sound C, sound D and so on. Physically, pitch is determined by vibrational frequency of sounding body, and psychologically, pitch is also slightly affected by loudness of sound.

34: Tone (idiom)

The unique musical style of a certain era, people, region, genre and composer. For example, tone of a folk song of a certain nationality or a certain country.


The basic sequence of sounds that make up a piece of music. One of tones is center tone, and remaining tones are dependent on center tone. The central tone of mode is called "root tone". The root pitch is used to express mode, which is called "tonality". The composition of music without a specific tonal basis is called "atonality", composition of music is based on two tones at same time, which is called "multitonality".

36: Basic Means of Musical Expression

The main means of musical expression are:

(1).Set melody, rhythm, rhythm, speed;

(2). Tone, harmony;


37: key label

If a change mark is used throughout a piece of music such that each specified note in that piece of music will rise or fall, then that change mark is called a key signature.

38: beat

Even alternation of strong and weak blows. There are many different combinations of beats called "beats" and normal rhythm is performed on a certain beat.

39: Melody

Also known as a melody, this is a line of sound composed according to a certain relationship between pitch, length and strength. This is most important means of forming image of music and soul of music.

40: Voice (part, voice)

Refers to simultaneous melodic lines in duet, choral, ensemble, and ensemble music. For example, in a string quartet there are four parts: first violin, second violin, viola and cello, in a mixed choir there are four parts: soprano, alto, tenor and bass.