How to practice violin, the method is very important
Techniques, in layman's terms, are ways, steps, and procedures by which people solve problems related to thinking, speaking, and behaving. In our life, whether it be work or study, scientific research or artistic practice, we are everywhere limited and subject to influence of methods. We have a certain way of doing things and learning things. If there is no method and meaning, it will be difficult to make progress. On contrary, a good teaching method not only increases interest, but also increases effectiveness of learning.
As you all know, path to learning to play violin is long and difficult, requiring great perseverance and hard training to achieve goal. However, if we use a practice method that does not produce real results, then even if we pay a lot, it often backfires. Therefore, for every violin student there is nothing more valuable than an effective practice method. That is, knowing how to use least time, use simplest method, solve most difficult problems, and achieve best results.
Therefore, one of most important tasks of teachers is to teach students how to play piano. He should make student understand that practice is a continuation of lesson, a process of self-direction and self-improvement. The teacher is not around, and students, as main body of piano practice, put forward certain tasks for themselves and self-discipline their own learning and learning. "Teaching a man to fish is worse than giving him a fish." students learn on their own. In view of importance of violin playing techniques, following four aspects are discussed and summarized.
1. Specify purpose of piano lessons
First of all, most important thing is to set a goal for yourself to play piano. For example, in class, teacher pointed out that you have problems with intonation and pronunciation in a certain piece of music. Then this week as you study this piece of music, your goal will be to solve problems with intonation and pronunciation. The guidance of teacher is very important for student. This is key to playing well and overcoming difficulties, as well as basis for drawing up a training plan. If goal for piano lessons is not clear, mistakes will not be corrected in time, resulting in "the same old tune being played again" next time they return to class. This not only affects progress and effectiveness of learning, but also does not teach anything until you are "tired" after playing some music, which is highly undesirable. As saying goes, “a good memory is not as good as a bad pen”, this is a very practical method for piano learners. Students can write questions and methods suggested by teacher in notebooks after class and note incorrect pronunciations, incorrect fingerings, and inclinations that need to be corrected to remind themselves to be careful. If we have a clear goal every time we play piano and wewe can solve problem every time, then "accumulating less gives more", you will soon find that your piano skills have advanced significantly and are progressing without knowing it.
Second, make a workout plan
According to what teacher said in class, making a weekly piano lesson plan is also one of important methods. The plan can be set as follows: First, basic exercises, including basic skills training and technical training. The second is purposeful practice, mainly to correct mistakes. Correct mistakes indicated by teacher one by one, including mistakes in reading score, misunderstanding of music, problems in playing technique, etc. Third, combine exercises, according to actual situation of playing piano, combined with scores for key exercises.
The most forbidden thing in piano lessons is to repeat from beginning to end over and over again without any purpose, aiming only for quantity and ignoring quality. Many amateur piano learners make this mistake, and there can be many reasons, but main reason is that students do not have high standards for their own performance. In fact, if we carefully analyze musical score and carefully analyze our performance, we will quickly find problem. If we focus on goal and double practice, difficulty will be solved and level of performance will be improved accordingly.
The piano lesson plan should also be determined according to child's age and piano learning level. The timing of piano lessons should also be determined by real situation of students. Those who are too young should not practice for a long time. Time should be divided into parts with a break in between. Whether teacher checks or not, set aside appropriate time (about 30 minutes) each day for basic exercises (bow, fingers, and scales). Weekly homework should be focused on organizing exercises. Of course, we cannot dogmatically demand a strict schedule from each student and determine how many hours to practice piano every day, this is pointless. Because everyone's needs and talents are very different. The most important thing is to create an individual piano lesson plan and use time of lessons wisely, and at same time develop habit of practicing piano every day. People who practice regularly every day tend to achieve twice as much with half as much effort as those who practice for a long time but cannot maintain a regular practice.
Third, focus on improving your piano performance
The first thing a student should remember in learning process is need for tireless, undivided attention during practice.tics. Many students often make mechanical movements with their hands while their mind wanders. Such practice without direction and control is a waste of time and energy. Such exercises not only do not achieve their goal, but are also very harmful. The mistakes are repeated over and over again and ears can no longer hear sound of mistakes. Therefore, whether function of using attention in practice is relevant or not is directly related to effect of practice.
If we clearly understand these characteristics and put them into practice, we will get twice result with half effort. Taking an example such as practicing scale, when drawing a note with a single bow, focus on technique of left hand, and focus on solving tasks of preparing and holding left hand finger change, string change, stick change and finger extension movements to raise level of intonation. When it becomes relatively perfect, switch your attention to your right hand, focusing on improving quality of pronunciation and accuracy of rhythm. When playing with one bow and four notes, you can pay more attention to changing bow string and connecting left hand.... In short, "focus on breaking each one" is a great way to solve problems in piano playing. If you do not use your attention purposefully and seriously to overcome your own shortcomings one by one, even if you practice a lot, after practice practice will remain same and meaning of practice will be lost.
Fourthly, learn to "practice slowly" and not "rush with success"
The desire to succeed and unwillingness to study slowly are almost common problems in children studying piano. Many people want to learn piano well in a year or a year and a half, and learn a piece of music in a day or two, but it is very unrealistic to calm down and think about it. Playing a musical instrument, especially violin, is possible only with participation and cooperation of many organs of body. It is very difficult for beginners to get them to coordinate with each other and it takes a long process of learning and training. For example, if we learn a fast and technical piece of music, it will not be easy to get results if we train hard at required speed. We must guide child to practice at a very slow pace so that he has enough time to think and prepare, and so that he can correct and correct deficiencies and defects based on visual and auditory feedback to make work more standardized and more complete. . , According to requirements of music, it is easier to achieve predetermined performance goals. From a technical point of view, this is due to fact that standardization and accuracy of technical movements are controlled and corrected by consciousness. This can only be done at a slower speed. If there is no conscious and standardized training at beginning, once movement becomes a habituh, it will be hard to fix.
Another issue that deserves special attention is whether work should be worked slowly after it has been fully worked out and brought to maturity. Many students will ignore or be unwilling to do slow practice at this time, which may be because they do not understand meaning of slow practice at this stage. Unless a well-performed piece is consciously consolidated and consolidated at an appropriately slow pace, technically speaking, subconscious habitual movements gradually become blurred, inaccurate, and unreliable. will gradually lose sharpness of performance, delicacy and delicacy due to lack of conscious preparation, thus losing credibility and attractiveness of artistic expression. Therefore, even after work has matured, proper slow practice cannot be ignored. When we prepare students to participate in competitions, tests or solo concerts, some pieces of music will be practiced for a long time. Please don't forget about this experience.
When students are learning slowly, teachers may suggest that students use a metronome to determine and control their exercise speed, which is a good method. As a rule, children are impatient, and slow and rhythmic sounds of metronome will cause their hearts to slowly settle down and naturally merge with rhythm of beats. In addition, using metronome to speed up practice from slow to fast first gear, second gear, and second gear will make students feel no difficulty in practice and fear of speed, so that they will naturally and unconsciously reach required melody in practice. speed.
Slow practice does provide many benefits, but prolonged and aimless slow practice also affects student awareness. Ambition and passion for creativity. Therefore, when doing slow practice, we must pay special attention to following two points: First, we need to know that slow practice only increases and slows down process of practice, and rest remains unchanged. Our mind should always be quick and responsive during practice, and finger movements should be same as when playing fast. If our training process consists of slow speed, slow reaction and slow movements, then as soon as we play at original speed, whole performance will be chaotic and uncontrollable.
Secondly, during slow practice, we cannot do mechanical training without music and must have requirements for music. The slower training speed, greater intensity contrast, more musical changes are exaggerated, and more detailed musical processing. If we just pull mechanically and train slowly, without analysis and without demands, then our training will not bring desired effect,and we get only twice result with half effort. Therefore, we should really understand meaning of slow practice and master method of slow practice well so that we can improve faster and express music better and more accurately.
In short, only a good method of piano practice can enable students to reap greatest harvest and make most progress in a limited amount of time.
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